The Cherokee Nation’s Independent Press Act, borne of the constitutional crisis of 1997, was first passed in 2000. It is often cited as a model for press freedom from political volatilities that can arise within tribal governments.

Press freedoms are enumerated in the document, and an editorial board is established to enforce policy that is “fair and responsible” in news reporting. When first created, three members comprised the board. Membership was expanded to five when the IPA was amended in 2009.

A copy of the act, as amended in 2009 can be downloaded at:

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